Buying the right equipment doesn't have to be so hard. If you know how to match the basic fishing tools you can cast faster and more accurately and make your fishing time more enjoyable.
There are two types of monofilament line: There is a flexible line that stretches, and has less memory. The other one is more resistant, has less stretch and has some memory and has the tendency to hold a coil when on the reel for a while, increasing the chance of a backlash.
There is also braided line, which has a smaller diameter and limper.
In addition there are also other options like a co-polymer and fluorocarbons that are resistant, soft without memory and cannot be seen in the water.
Reels are little works of art nowadays. Most of them have braking systems, magnetic or centrifugal, to slow the spool and prevent backlash from happening. You can also control how fast the line comes off the spool by using the spool tension adjustment. A reel with two, three or more ball bearings is a good reel to start with.
There are 100% graphite rods, which are in the top range. There are some crank bait rods made of fiberglass or made of a combination of fiberglass and graphite. Fiberglass is good for fishing diving crank baits, as it is very flexible and more forgiving.
You will find bait-casting rods in a few variations. The most important is to look at quality and sensitivity. Most rods have a straight handle, called a trigger stick handle. There are also still some pistol grip rods on the market. The length of your rod is something personal, they used to say that you shouldn't use a rod that is longer that your height. But nowadays it is understood that the longer the rod, the further you can cast and you need less strength to get there.
The graphite rods are light and are balanced at the reel seat. They come in different weights, ranging from light to heavy. You will need a three or more ball bearing reel with a brake system. You should look at the line size that is suggested on them and make sure it corresponds to the markings on the rod.
When you have the right combination, the rod should do all the hard work for you. Now you should be able to cast your rod without using too much energy.
Use your forearm and your wrist to cast, but don't move your shoulder. Try casting with something under your arm, so that your elbow stays to the side of your body. That's how it should be done, but it needs practice!